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L’évolution des pratiques de terrain en archéologie préventive de 1988 à nos jours

Abstract : This brief consists of a review of my professional activity and scientific practice since 1988, the year of my first contract as an excavation technician at AFAN, which corresponds to the beginning of the period of the first major works and the development of a preventive archaeology on a national scale. If this work is centered on my own experience, I will try to put it in perspective with the global evolution of French preventive archaeology as I have been able to perceive it and as I have been able to analyze it critically within the structures to which I have belonged. (AFAN, then INRAP) during all these years. Collecting in a brief the data of my professional activity presents some difficulties that cannot be avoided, as the sources are numerous and varied, originating from different periods, regions, or even cultures. The approximately 140 operations (including 82 diagnostic and 43 excavations, the rest in building study, follow-up work, or evaluation) in which I participated can serve as a material for this study and form the basis of a statistical balance used to determine the logic of my career, in the light of the general evolution of preventive archaeology. Tracing my career path offers the opportunity to review the conditions of the creation of AFAN and to identify the various aspects of it. My professional development in the wake of changes from the North-East to the South-West of France allows me to compare two very different regions from an economic, historical and cultural point of view: Lorraine and Aquitaine. Explaining exactly what the work of an archaeologist is at Inrap is the most difficult, such as determining what in my profession is research and what is not. My mission as a researcher is to restore the past and transmit my knowledge to as many people as possible. I will try to identify the essential aspects of a professional practice with many complementary facets. From a scientific point of view, my professional career has offered me the opportunity to approach various chrono-cultural fields, ranging from prehistotic to contemporary times. However, the Middle Ages remains as my period of predilection and the area in which I have the most experience and skills. My professional career gave me the opportunity to refine gradually my scientific project and to finally focus my activity on the habitat of the elites (Morlanne and Montaner castles) and what it is agreed to call today the urban factory (Orthez). From a technical point of view, the retrospective examination of my various operational reports has enabled me to make progress in my daily practice of archaeology, in presenting the subject of the research and in the scientific approach followed. These developments are due both to my professional experience but also to a progressive refinement, to the improvement of techniques of search, recording and processing of data to which I was able to adapt.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 4:57:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 12:14:07 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-03173827, version 1


Nadine Béague. L’évolution des pratiques de terrain en archéologie préventive de 1988 à nos jours. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Pau, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PAUU1084⟩. ⟨tel-03173827⟩



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