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Mort ordinaire, morts ordinaires : traitement et devenir des corps dans les cimetières à partir de l’exemple provençal (XVIe - XIXe siècle) : apports de l’archéologie à l’histoire et à l’anthropologie sociale

Abstract : The recent archaeological excavation of modern and contemporary cemeteries has revealed new problems related to "ordinary" death between the 16th and 19th centuries. Although historians have been studying this theme since the 1970s in the context of the " New History ", funerary archaeology has been slow to invest these "newer than old" times outside of disaster sites, linked to epidemics or conflicts. The present research work proposes, based on unpublished factual data provided by the recent excavation of several cemeteries of Provence (France), to revisit the theme of the living facing their dead from the Old Regime to the industrial Age, a pivotal period in the history of death. Research is centred on the body, whether in the state of a corpse or skeleton, and offers an original look at the relationship that the living have with their dead. From funerals to forgetfulness, individual and collective, a whole range of gestures can be decrypted by observation of field data. Archaeology reveals the privacy of the tombs, little or not documented by historical sources. These gestures and practices are of course to relate to normative frameworks, beliefs, collective imaginaries, whose traces are written or figured. They are also directly dependent on the socio-economic conditions of buried and burying populations. Thus, this research work can only be multidisciplinary and dialectical, at the crossroads between archaeology, history and social anthropology.
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https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03171137
Contributor : Carine Carpentier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 5:22:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 19, 2021 - 3:20:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03171137, version 1

Citation

Anne Richier. Mort ordinaire, morts ordinaires : traitement et devenir des corps dans les cimetières à partir de l’exemple provençal (XVIe - XIXe siècle) : apports de l’archéologie à l’histoire et à l’anthropologie sociale. Archéologie et Préhistoire. EHESS, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020EHES0170⟩. ⟨tel-03171137⟩

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