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Société, économie et territoires à l’âge du Fer dans le Centre-Est de la France : analyse des corpus céramiques des habitats du Ha D-LT A (VIIe-Ve av. J.-C.)

Abstract : This thesis examines pottery dating from the middle of the 6th to the end of the 5th century BC, from Central-Eastern France, an area located between Northern Burgundy and the western confines of the Ile de France region. Confronted by the absence of pottery in well dated funerary contexts, the focus of this study is on settlement contexts, the documentation of which has multiplied in the last 30 years thanks to a systematic approach to archaeology and its professionalization. The pottery assemblages of Vix are of course included in this work and they are compared to assemblages from other regional settlement sites. 67 sites have been selected from a corpus of 414. Tens of thousands of sherds and over 7000 vessels are presented, analyzed and subsequently replaced into context. The catalogue (two volumes) has been developed to be used as a reference tool; it includes documentation on each site, pottery studies and illustrations of the vessels. The volume 1 presents the different stages of this analysis. After the presentation of the study’s framework and methodology, the chrono-cultural analysis uses a pre-determined descriptive system and a typological classification of what is known as the “traditional” hand thrown pottery production and of the “new” productions of wheel thrown pottery. This has led to the elaboration of a quantitative and qualitative examination of the sites and the pottery assemblages. The chronological approach is based on the definition of characteristic assemblage facies using statistical analysis and computerized serialization. This approach highlights a progressive evolution of pottery that can be divided into five phases, thus sequencing pottery for the whole period. The position of each phase is defined by comparison with objects such as jewelry or other metallic objects, imported pottery, etc. in order to correlate them with the Ha D1, Ha D1/2, Ha D2, Ha D3 and LTA1 periods of the conventional German chronology. The variation in pottery typology has brought to the fore the specifics of regional productions from as early as the Hallstatt period. These productions can be distinguished from the Atlantic and Northern (Aisne-Marne domain) cultural entities but also from the North-Alpine zone to the East and South-East. The distribution of the “Vix” painted motifs is emblematic of these productions. The phenomena of local influences and cultural fringes are also studied. Other regional originalities appear more visible during the LTA and are particularly present in the Sénon area announcing the cultural territories of the end of the Middle and Late Iron Age. Using the chrono-cultural framework other aspects of pottery production, diffusion and consumption have been studied and used to determine the hierarchy of certain pottery services. We can consider that hand thrown pottery corresponds to the many local productions defined by their limited diffusion and their standardization for common use, which is intrinsic to a traditional rural society. Wheel-thrown pottery can however be seen as an innovation, a specialized production and a sign of luxury that first appears during the Hallstat D2/3 in aristocratic residences such as Vix. Using the information from settlements and the results of this study, different settlement types have been placed within a hierarchical framework taking into account the plurality of the input and elements is proposed. These different aspects are employed in defining the social and cultural interactions that prevail over the organisation and the historical development of Celtic communities. (traduction Rebecca Peake)
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  • HAL Id : tel-01810238, version 1



David Bardel. Société, économie et territoires à l’âge du Fer dans le Centre-Est de la France : analyse des corpus céramiques des habitats du Ha D-LT A (VIIe-Ve av. J.-C.). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Bourgogne, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-01810238⟩



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