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Les sépultures de Truchtersheim "Holderacker" (Bas-Rhin) et les pratiques funéraires du Bronze A1 dans le sud de la plaine du Rhin supérieur

Abstract : In 2019, a small set of funerary structures attributed to the beginning of the Early Bronze Age was discovered atTruchtersheim “Holderacker” (2030-1900 BC), twelve kilometers to the northwest of Strasbourg. This find led us to review all theliterature available on the mortuary practices of the BzA1 in Alsace. This chronological horizon, until now poorly represented, wasrecently updated by a set of new discoveries, mostly from 2017 to 2019, via the rescue operations made on the route of the WesternBypass of Strasbourg. Though the modest regional corpus (twenty tombs) enables only observations of limited significance, several features specific to the period can be identified. Among these features, the variable orientations are distributed between a dominantNE-SW group, and a NW-SE group. The former group, also dominant in the Danube group in Bavaria, contains male and femaleindividuals deposited on their left site with the head oriented to the NE for the former, and on the right side with the head orientedto the SO for the latter. The second group of orientations contains only individuals deposited on the right side, with the head to theNW. In this group, we suggest that the female individuals are opposed to the male individuals not due to the principle of horizontalsymmetry that characterizes the NE-SW-oriented group, but due to a principle of vertical symmetry, a configuration that seems to beunique to the southern plain of the Upper Rhine. As at Truchtersheim, most of the rare artifacts are osseous ornaments, sometimesaccompanied by rare metal or earthenware objects. The composition of the deposits containing ubiquitous objects do not enable a formal identification of the networks connecting Alsace to the settlement sectors in southern and southwestern Germany. However,based on an analysis of the orientations and their evolution during the Early Bronze Age, and on other elements, such as the existencein Alsace of Tottenhütten structures and Eching/Öberau houses, we reiterate the hypothesis that there was a strong link between ourstudy region and the Danubian group of the Straubing culture. Finally, we underline the lack of regional data to characterize thetransition from the Bell Beaker Culture and the first signs of the Early Bronze Age between 2150 and 2000 BC, as they are representedin the Singen necropolises in the Bade, or the Remseck-Aldingen in the Neckar Valley.
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https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03675674
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Submitted on : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 12:06:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 22, 2022 - 3:35:02 AM

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Philippe Lefranc, Fanny Chenal, Yohann Thomas, Matthieu Michler, Jean-Michel Treffort. Les sépultures de Truchtersheim "Holderacker" (Bas-Rhin) et les pratiques funéraires du Bronze A1 dans le sud de la plaine du Rhin supérieur. Revue archéologique de l'Est, 2021, 70. ⟨hal-03675674⟩

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