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Ancient DNA gives new insights into a Norman Neolithic monumental cemetery dedicated to male elites

Abstract : SignificanceBy integrating genomic and archaeological data, we provide new insights into the Neolithic French monumental site of Fleury-sur-Orne in Normandy, where a group of selected individuals was buried in impressively long monuments. The earliest individuals buried at Fleury-sur-Orne match the expected western European Neolithic genetic diversity, while three individuals, designated as genetic outliers, were buried after 4,000 calibrated BCE. We hypothesize that different, unrelated families or clans used the site over several centuries. Thirteen of 14 of the analyzed individuals were male, indicating an overarching patrilineal system. However, one exception, a female buried with a symbolically male artifact, suggests that the embodiment of the male gender in death was required to access burial at the monumental structures.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03660793
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 31, 2022 - 4:30:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 15, 2022 - 4:20:52 AM

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Maïté Rivollat, Aline Thomas, Emmanuel Ghesquière, Adam Benjamin Rohrlach, Ellen Späth, et al.. Ancient DNA gives new insights into a Norman Neolithic monumental cemetery dedicated to male elites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2022, 119 (18), pp.e2120786119. ⟨10.1073/pnas.2120786119⟩. ⟨hal-03660793⟩

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