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La céramique d’une fosse du Bronze final IIIa du site de l’école Émile-Combes à Saintes (Charente-Maritime)

Abstract : The preventive archaeological excavation of a site dating to La Tène D2 and the Roman period in Saintes (Charente-Maritime, France) has brought to light a Bronze Age pit containing pottery, cob debris, as well as fauna and flint. It has two distinct fills, but the analysis of the pottery does not reveal any significant chronological difference between them. This observation indicates two phases of filling within a short period. This paper focuses on the presentation of the pottery assemblage that comprises a minimum number of 73 vessels for the lower level and 32 for the upper level. The number of vessels with a sufficiently complete profile is reduced to 48 and 13 respectively. The assemblage includes twelve types: open vessels with a simple profile without neck (bowls), more complex profiles without neck (bowls, cups), and tall vessels with a complex profile without neck (goblets, jars and other storage vases). We note the discreet use of the red pigment coating. The pottery includes a certain number of types found during Late Bronze Age IIIb / Ha B2-3, but also types pertaining to RSFO stylistics, without however the emblematic elements such as dishes with scalloped hoop decoration or the carenated cups that are well attested in Centre-West France and northern Aquitaine. We can therefore date this material to the recent stage of the RSFO style or Late Bronze Age IIIa / Ha B1. Given the small number of assemblages dating to this period in the Centre-West, and in Saintonge area in particular, this pottery ensemble constitutes a significant contribution to the knowledge of the material culture of this period in the region. It highlights once again, how widespread the ceramic style RSFO was reaching up to the Atlantic Ocean, serving as a prelude to the diffusion of the Late Bronze Age IIIb ceramic style of the centre of France.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 11, 2021 - 10:54:40 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:57:43 AM
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José Gomez de Soto, Christian Vernou, Jean-Louis Hillairet, Isabelle Kerouanton. La céramique d’une fosse du Bronze final IIIa du site de l’école Émile-Combes à Saintes (Charente-Maritime). Revue Archéologique de l'Ouest, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2020, 36 (36), pp.75-88. ⟨10.4000/rao.5947⟩. ⟨hal-03227226⟩



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