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Du hachoir au « fer à fibres »: retour sur un objet à la fonction mal définie provenant des sépultures féminines privilégiées de l’époque mérovingienne

Abstract : Rich female tombs of the merovingian period sometimes contain an enigmatic object, most often defined as a chopper (hachoir) in France and as a tool used to grind textile fibers in Germany. It is in the form of a rectangular or sub-rectangular iron blade, extended at the back by two or three bristles intended to fix the handle. The discovery of seven new specimens in Alsace was an opportunity to return to the function of this object. The study was based on the inventory carried out by U. Koch for France, Germany and Switzerland, which was completed. The 105 objects inventoried made it possible to specify the funerary context and the morphological characteristics of this tool and to draw a first outline of its typology. Thanks to this analysis, but also to the ethnographic parallels, the interpretation of a tool designed to grind, or scrape textile fibers was favored. However, this function led to questions about the presence of this object in the graves of merovingian women of high social status and its possible symbolic significance.
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https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03223018
Contributor : Carine Carpentier <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 10, 2021 - 3:54:20 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 3:30:00 AM

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Franck Abert, Madeleine Châtelet, Thomas Fischbach. Du hachoir au « fer à fibres »: retour sur un objet à la fonction mal définie provenant des sépultures féminines privilégiées de l’époque mérovingienne. Cahiers LandArc, LandArc (Fleurance, Gers), 2020, 39, 19 p. ⟨hal-03223018⟩

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