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L’imagerie 3D : de nouvelles perspectives en géoarchéologie

Abstract : This article constitutes a selective bibliographical review of the recent advances of 3D images applied on natural and human sediments. In geosciences and geoarchaeology, the 3D images are usually used as a complementary method to soil micromorphology in order to visualize and improve the quantification of inherent sedimentological and pedological properties of different formations. Studies conducted in soil science during the last 40 years examine mainly the physical and hydro-physical properties of the soil and they aim to identify the soil characteristics related to agricultural activities. In geoarchaeology, the 3D image application is more recent. It helps to characterize the inner structure of archaeological layers and human artifacts. It has the ambitious to develop our knowledge on the socio-economic behavior of ancient societies as the latest is reflected on sedimentary records. 3D image techniques contribute to widen geoarchaeological researches by studying the earthen construction technologies and the use of occupation surfaces. Thus, the image tool can complete the micromorphological analysis by providing a multi-scalar approach of architectural and archaeological sediments.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 3:52:00 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 10:26:10 AM

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Marylise Onfray, Pantelitsa Mylona, Julia Wattez. L’imagerie 3D : de nouvelles perspectives en géoarchéologie. Les Nouvelles de l'archéologie, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 2020, Tomographie en archéologie, 159, pp.75-78. ⟨10.4000/nda.9607⟩. ⟨hal-03153667⟩

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