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Le Solutréen de la vallée de l'Erve (Mayenne)

Abstract : The Rochefort cave and more generally the whole of the cave sites of the Erve valley (Mayenne), testify to Solutrean occupations at the northern confines of the technocomplex extension area. It shows the adaptation of these groups of humans to the harsh conditions which prevailed during the Last Glacial Maximum north of the Loire, between 24790 cal BP and 21970 cal BP. Rarely observed under such conditions, the Solutrean of Rochefort cave finds itself to be an archaeological entity, offering all the advantages of an enclosed space. In a sediment with an average thickness of 0.60 m, a corpus of finds of more than 8000 objects made up of about 5500 bone remains, 2000 pieces of lithic industry and 300 engraved slabs, constitutes a unique ensemble. The site reveals a cold fauna, with a large spectrum dominated by the reindeer and the horse. The identification of a cold microfauna characteristic of a steppe biotope, alongside rodents that live in temperate-humid environments, like the carbonised vegetal remains, confirms the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction thus envisaged for the "canyon", a cryptic refuge, a true ecological niche during the Last Glacial Maximum. All the pieces which constitute the lithic assemblage had been brought into the enclosure of the cave and were worked in exogenous material. The closest primary source to the site is 10 km away. Associated with the bone industry, the long regular blades made from Eocene silicified sandstone or the original proportions of the "laurel leafs", make a corpus from the Rochefort cave a unique assemblage, totally unknown north of the Loire. Finally, on the palethnological plan, the remarkable collection of numerous engraved slabs, unknown for the period in France, is accompanied by art on bones and personal ornaments, equally including pieces that are unique for the Solutrean.
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Contributor : Carine Carpentier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 4, 2021 - 9:47:11 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:11:59 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03131068, version 1



Stéphan Hinguant, Rozenn Colleter. Le Solutréen de la vallée de l'Erve (Mayenne). Société préhistorique française. Mémoires de la Société préhistorique française, 67, 442 p., 2020, 2-946745-82-2. ⟨hal-03131068⟩



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