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De l’utilisation de la bioarchéologie pour la compréhension des architectures funéraires dans les sépultures médiévales

Abstract : Funerary architecture comprehension has improved a lot thanks to the development of thanato-archaeology. Taphonomical studies of tombs allow us to understand a small part of the funerary process such as its internal layout. However, some facts remain totally invisible to us without the help of other sciences. Fifteen years of work carried out in the Champagne-Ardenne region showed that, on a recurrent basis, skeletons found in medieval tombs, mainly from the Upper Middle Ages but not exclusively, don’t rest directly on the bottom of the pit but on about 10 centimeters of sediment. These skeletons generally show signs of decay in some hard container, sometimes combined with a flexible one. However, the presence of these containers alone cannot explain the elevation of the body and raise the question of the deposition level of it in the burial device. Indeed, is the hard container laying on the bottom of the grave? Is the body raised by a litter made of plants or cloth? On the contrary, is the hard container raised, the body lying directly on the bottom of the container? Or is it a mix of both practices? To try to answer to these questions, two different but complementary methods were used, with two sampling methods, in order to interpret these observations as well as possible: soil micromorphology to detect a possible deposition level of a hard container and phytolith analysis to identify some possible presence of mattresses made of plants.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 10:04:34 AM
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Stéphanie Desbrosse-Degobertière, Cécile Paresys, Cécilia Cammas, Pascal Verdin. De l’utilisation de la bioarchéologie pour la compréhension des architectures funéraires dans les sépultures médiévales. Carine Carpentier; Rose-Marie Arbogast; Philippe Kuchler. Bioarchéologie : minimums méthodologiques, référentiels communs et nouvelles approches : Actes du 4e séminaire scientifique et technique de l’Inrap, 28-29 nov. 2019, Sélestat, Inrap, 8 p., 2020, ⟨10.34692/k366-v604⟩. ⟨hal-03079124⟩



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