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Conference papers

Les mortiers en pierre : ustensiles méconnus, utilisés dès l’âge du Fer, y compris dans les Ardennes

Abstract : For the past decade, stone mortars have benefited from a revival of research, including in or near the Ardennes. This is a part of the material culture which still deserves to be better known in order to be able to document its uses in parallel with mortars made of other materials, in an archaeological context, especially those made of ceramics. Several discoveries in the territory of the Remes have thus revealed not only types that date back to the end of the Iron Age, but also at least two specimens in "Belgian" blue limestone. In Belgium, at this stage, two Gallo-Roman specimens, "brought out" from the reserve collections, are added to a preventive discovery in the west of the country, in a late context of the Oudenburg castellum. The Early Middle Ages is documented by scattered references in France, but also in the Netherlands. The introduction of a quadrangular base during the 13th century announced a prosperous period, at that time without competition from ceramic production. As regards more specifically the Ardennes, reports following excavations in the Dinantais have brought to light a production of decorated mortars with an unexpected diffusion through the Meuse valley, then by sea. Other discoveries illustrate the use of other Ardennes lithic resources, which, however, have yet to be documented. Among these, "Belgian" blue limestone mortars also circulate by river and sea. These "Ardennes" utensils are part of a trade involving French, English, German and Norwegian productions of this utensil. Then modern written sources show that stone continued to be used for mortars, intended for different uses. The Ardennes thus demonstrate the importance of the demand for this utensil thanks to the shipping books of the marble production from Beaumont-Rance to the cities of Paris and Rouen at the end of the 18th century.
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Contributor : Geert Verbrugghe Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 12:03:11 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 30, 2022 - 12:34:04 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-03046112, version 1



Geert Verbrugghe. Les mortiers en pierre : ustensiles méconnus, utilisés dès l’âge du Fer, y compris dans les Ardennes. Deuxièmes Journées d'actualité de la recherche archéologique en Ardenne-Eifel, Alison Smolderen; Pierre Cattelain, Oct 2019, Viroinval, Belgique. pp.207-220. ⟨hal-03046112⟩



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