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De la détection à l’expertise : l’apport des opérations de diagnostic dans la plaine de Troyes

Abstract : The sector of the Troyes plain, a small territory in the Greater East of Paris, whose economic dynamics are representative of those of many small towns in France, is now one of the main areas of activity for preventive archaeology in the north of France. This fact is notably the result of an active, conscious and regular monitoring of areas submitted to land development for more than 25 years of archaeological research. The objective of collective research program « Plaine de Troyes », which draws up a complete assessment of the trajectory of this territory, is to apprehend the spatial dynamics of the human occupations of the first farmers from the Early Neolithic period to the territory polarized by the city of Troyes at the time of the Counts of Champagne. Conceived on a resolutely geographical basis, this program explores the data from a spatial (cartography, statistics) but also from a long-term perspective, for a better understanding of the logic of territorial evolution. The aim is to make a reflexive diagnosis of the long series of operations already carried out and to question the representativeness of their results. Their detailed analysis highlights the complexity of the factors involved, from the detection to the restitution of the main lines of ancient settlement to which any territorial project is attached. It also opens the discussion on the strategies that preventive archaeology must adopt to meet a strictly scientific requirement, without being influenced by commercial or political considerations. The project also aims to build up a statistical data set, characterized by multiple qualitative and quantitative variables, while providing results that can be easily reproduced by other well-monitored sectors. More generally, the objective is to contribute to the writing of a new discourse on the global history of the territories of the French isthmus.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 5:29:16 PM
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Vincent Riquier, Luc Sanson. De la détection à l’expertise : l’apport des opérations de diagnostic dans la plaine de Troyes. Le diagnostic comme outil de recherche : 2e séminaire scientifique et technique de l'Inrap, David Flotté; Cyril Marcigny, Sep 2017, Caen, France. https://sstinrap.hypotheses.org/4528, ⟨10.34692/fgwe-m134⟩. ⟨hal-02979183v2⟩

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