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Fabrication et fonction des outils de type montmorencien : nouveau regard à partir des découvertes récentes sur les habitats mésolithiques

Abstract : Montmorencian sandstone macrolithic industries have aroused interest within the scientific community ever since the first finds at the end of the 19th century. Questions related to their use and chronocultural attribution are still relevant, especially following the discovery of specific tools (called Montmorencian-type tools) within some mesolithic campsites. The aim of our study is to identify the role of the Montmorencian-type tools within the Mesolithic material culture. Their geographical distribution reveal a "technical phenomenon" of regional or even supra-regional scale during the first Mesolithic. Analyses show that they are standardised tools, used on hard mineral material. Experimental tests results are compatible with their use as retouchoirs for the process of knapping bladelets by the microburin technique. Similar tools, sharing technological and morphological characteristics but unfinished, are found within the production sites i.e. Montmorencian sites, and some campsites. The modalities of the geographical diffusion of these specific tools has yet to be determined. Our work has also led to the identification of lithic artefacts related to axe productions in Montmorencian sites in the strict sense Therefore, in our opinion, Montmorencian should no longer designate specific sites as both Mesolithic and Neolithic populations are the authors of what appears to be mixed industries.
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https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02967659
Contributor : Carine Carpentier <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 10:11:05 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 3:38:16 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02967659, version 1

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Sylvain Griselin, Caroline Hamon. Fabrication et fonction des outils de type montmorencien : nouveau regard à partir des découvertes récentes sur les habitats mésolithiques. Société préhistorique française, 66, 2020, Mémoires de la Société préhistorique française, 2-913745-81-4. ⟨hal-02967659⟩

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