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Une approche archéologique des cimetières juifs médiévaux en Europe : Écueils et contraintes

Abstract : The study of the funerary spaces of Jewish communities was initiated in the 1980s in France by Bernard Blumenkranz and Gérard Nahon with the constitution of a CNRS research team, the "New Jewish Gallia". Partly based on textual sources, they drew up an assessment or inventory of the remains linked to these populations. The work has developed since then, particularly with the emergence of preventive archaeology in France and Europe. However, they still remain relatively discreet when it comes to funerary data, for reasons partly linked to the pressure exerted by orthodox groups evoking the ban on touching the dead. These very active minorities try by all means to obstruct research by emphasizing the supremacy of Jewish law over national laws on heritage preservation. After mentioning the constraints, the article therefore proposes to present the issues at stake, a brief summary of excavation results for the only French funerary site of reference and the beginning of a reflection on a chronological point.
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Contributor : Carine Carpentier <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 4:49:49 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 27, 2021 - 3:19:16 AM

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Philippe Blanchard. Une approche archéologique des cimetières juifs médiévaux en Europe : Écueils et contraintes. Les Nouvelles de l'archéologie, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 2020, Pour une archéologie du fait religieux, 160, pp.52-60. ⟨10.4000/nda.10127⟩. ⟨hal-02964792⟩

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