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3D imaging of subsurface magnetic permeability / susceptibility with portable frequency domain electromagnetic sensors for near surface exploration

Abstract : The in-phase response collected by portable loop–loop electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors operating at low and moderate induction numbers (≤1) is typically used for sensing the magnetic permeability (or susceptibility) of the subsurface. This is due to the fact that the in-phase response contains a small induction fraction and a preponderant induced magnetization fraction. The magnetization fraction follows the magneto-static equations similarly to the magnetic method but with an active magnetic source. The use of an active source offers the possibility to collect data with several loop–loop configurations, which illuminate the subsurface with different sensitivity patterns. Such multiconfiguration soundings thereby allows the imaging of subsurface magnetic permeability/susceptibility variations through an inversion procedure. This method is not affected by the remnant magnetization and theoretically overcomes the classical depth ambiguity generally encountered with passive geomagnetic data. To invert multiconfiguration in-phase data sets, we propose a novel methodology based on a full-grid 3-D multichannel deconvolution (MCD) procedure. This method allows us to invert large data sets (e.g. consisting of more than a hundred thousand of data points) for a dense voxel-based 3-D model of magnetic susceptibility subject to smoothness constraints. In this study, we first present and discuss synthetic examples of our imaging procedure, which aim at simulating realistic conditions. Finally, we demonstrate the applicability of our method to field data collected across an archaeological site in Auvergne (France) to image the foundations of a Gallo-Roman villa built with basalt rock material. Our synthetic and field data examples demonstrate the potential of the proposed inversion procedure offering new and complementary ways to interpret data sets collected with modern EMI instruments.
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https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02468174
Contributor : François-Xavier Simon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 5, 2020 - 3:29:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 2:34:36 PM

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Julien Guillemoteau, François-Xavier Simon, Guillaume Hulin, Bertrand Dousteyssier, Marion Dacko, et al.. 3D imaging of subsurface magnetic permeability / susceptibility with portable frequency domain electromagnetic sensors for near surface exploration. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019, 219 (3), pp.1773-1785. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggz382⟩. ⟨hal-02468174⟩

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