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La baraque militaire dans les hôpitaux américains de la Grande Guerre : Stratégies économiques et choix socio-culturels

Abstract : Recent archaeological research conducted on American logistics during the Great War and more particularly on the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) hospitals raises many questions. The US military has demonstrated real logistical prowess to operationalize dozens of large medical facilities at the cutting edge of technology to accommodate hundreds of thousands of wounded. These huge camps built in a few months in the heart of the French countryside are structured from a prefabricated module: the military barracks. This construction method became the nerve of American military strategy, foreshadowing the major operations of the 20th and 21st centuries. Infrastructures, medical (operating rooms, pharmacies, morgues, laboratories, etc.) or not (supply, neighbourhoods, leisure, storage, etc.) are characterized by a prefabricated framework made of a recurring assembly of panels and trusses. This nomadic architecture inherited from a nineteenth-century design is also a reflection of socio-economic, cultural and architectural practices. Beyond the simple military barracks, these structures become the living and working place for soldiers and medical personnel, thousands of kilometres from their homes, in a foreign country and at war.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 4, 2020 - 2:00:29 PM
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Alexandre Coulaud, Robin Perarnau, Guillaume Charrière, Manon Mariette. La baraque militaire dans les hôpitaux américains de la Grande Guerre : Stratégies économiques et choix socio-culturels. Archéopages : archéologie & société, Inrap, 2018, 46, pp.80-85. ⟨10.4000/archeopages.4355⟩. ⟨hal-02466333⟩



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