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Les fermes gauloises et antiques de la moyenne vallée de l’Oise : Des établissements ruraux sans maison ?

Abstract : The developer funded excavations carried out for 30 years in the middle valley of the Oise yield thirty or so rural dwellings of the middle to late La Tène period and the Late Antiquity. Despite the proliferation of excavations, the number of buildings does not grow exponentially. With the exception of granaries with 4 or 6 posts and scattered posts, traces of buildings (top plates, flashings) are rare and often poorly preserved. Therefore, to distinguish in particular the possible houses, we must resort to highlighting the preferential discharges in the ditches. Indeed, the mapping of the distribution of the deposits, their volumes, their associations and the presence of certain artefacts allow us to deduce the location and interpret the type of residence. This observation implies above all a rapid fossilization of deposits and a lack of cleaning. As a result, it is more complex to interpret Gallo-Roman sites which lifespan is much higher than that of Gallic sites. The use of architectures that are not well rooted in the ground, such as foundation trenches or bottom plates, also raises the question of trends, uses or status markers. In the same way cellars and other crawl spaces, which indicate the presence of houses, are they not a sign of hierarchical rank? Finally, the late transition into to the use of a light stone plinth also raises questions.
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https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02458338
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 4:08:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 1:38:13 AM

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Denis Maréchal. Les fermes gauloises et antiques de la moyenne vallée de l’Oise : Des établissements ruraux sans maison ?. Archéopages : archéologie & société , INRAP édition, 2018, 46, pp.16-25. ⟨10.4000/archeopages.3730⟩. ⟨hal-02458338⟩

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