Une maison sous les dunes : Beg ar Loued, île Molène, Finistère. Identité et adaptation des groupes humains en mer d'Iroise à la transition des IIIe – IIe millénaires avant notre ère

Abstract : Since 2001, archaeological research has been conducted in the Molène Archipelago, an area that is particularly rich in remains from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, with an exceptional concentration of megalithic monuments. Several settlements are attested by the presence of domestic refuse dumps. At the point of Beg ar Loued (Molène Island), one of those shell middens was the object of an initial sondage in 2003, and that marked the beginning of a long series of excavations. Fieldwork took a decisive turn during the second year with the recognition of the first dry stone walls, belonging to a building preserved within the sand dunes. For nearly a decade, this site has been excavated by an interdisciplinary team. The data that have been obtained from this fieldwork provide information on the chronology of the various periods of occupation of the site and help to document the 3rd – 2nd millennium BC transition, a period still largely unknown in the northern half of France. In addition to providing a relative chronology, the architectural approach gives us a better understanding of the choices that governed the different construction phases of the building, which was occupied for over three centuries. The elements of material culture (pottery, lithics, metalwork) also shed light on a period essentially known in Brittany through its funerary monuments. For the first time in this region, thanks to the preservation of organic remains, it is possible to sketch the lifestyle (livestock management, agriculture, fishing, shell gathering, etc.) of the people who occupied the shores of the Iroise Sea. In order to understand better the overall trends in this insular environment, new researches have been carried out on sea level changes in tandem with the study of the palaeoenvironment, geomorphology, geology and wildlife.
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Contributor : Yvan Pailler <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 5, 2019 - 11:06:01 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 6, 2019 - 1:26:03 AM

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Yvan Pailler, Clément Nicolas. Une maison sous les dunes : Beg ar Loued, île Molène, Finistère. Identité et adaptation des groupes humains en mer d'Iroise à la transition des IIIe – IIe millénaires avant notre ère. Sidestone press, 734 p., 2019, ISBN 978-90-8890-380-9 (softcover) ; ISBN 978-90-8890-613-8 (hardcover) ; ISBN 978-90-8890-381-6 (PDF e-book). ⟨hal-02148933⟩

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