Les fortifications médiévales de Marseille

Abstract : The ancient fortification, reinforced by an outer wall in the 5th century, remained in use up to the 19th cemury. If is undoubtedly at this time that Marseilles was provided with several reduced fortifications : the Babon castle, as well as the wall around the cathedral which made up the small enclosure of la Major and also, without doubt, to the east, a fortification at the entry of the town forming the earldom. The settling in of the bishop upon the hill of Les Carmes at the beginning of the 17th century lead him equally to fortify this zone. From then on, all of the «upper» town was in the hands of the church. Extensions of the urban perimeter wall were made exclusively in the southeastern part of the city. From 1040, a first wall increased the surface of the ancient city. But, above all, it is the 1190 rampart, closely followed with a rebuilding around 1250, which testifies the large development of the city as an important Mediterranean port.
Document type :
Conference papers
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [50 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-inrap.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01990057
Contributor : Marc Bouiron <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 11:09:54 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 5:04:46 PM

File

Etudes Massalietes 7 - pp.75-9...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01990057, version 1

Collections

Citation

Marc Bouiron. Les fortifications médiévales de Marseille. Colloque international d'archéologie, Nov 1999, Marseille, France. pp.75-92. ⟨hal-01990057⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

22

Files downloads

13