Des premières traces à la fin de l'Acheuléen dans la Préhistoire de la France

Abstract : Discoveries of the two last decades in Eurasia renew the knowledge on the earliest evidence of occupation. France widely contributes to the anderstanding of these periods, and since the publication in 1976 of the three volumes of La Préhistoire Française, the number of in situ sites with well-dated sequences has greatly increased. This state of knowledge voluntary focuses on the key sites discovered since 1976, some being still in ongoing excavations, or largely published. The data is obviously not complete. It is however a strong overview of the major sites and the avialable interdisciplinary patterns. Our chronological framework depends on the current data, from around 1.5 Ma for the earliest ages. We have selected the latest sites with Acheulean-type series but also series without a few bifaces. Our chronological upper border is the transition MIS6-MIS5. Theearliest traces of occupations are located on the southern half of France, from the Massif central to the Loire Basin and the Mediterranean coast. Ages vary between 1.5 and 1 Ma. Then, since 700 ka, the number of sites increases, some with bifaces, and are located overall national territory. It is due to the development of fieldworks through research programs or public-construction projets. They helped discover new open-air sites for instance in the Somme, Loire and Aquitaine Basns. Morever, vace sites were also revised by new research projets and fieldworks. The chapiter is both chronological and geographical. France has been divised in areas according to geological and hydrographical features : North, from Brittany to the North of the Seine River and the centre of the Paris Basin; South-West including the Aquitaine Basin to the Pyrenees Mountains and the Charente; Massif central and the Loire Basin; South-East including the Rhône Basin and the Mediterranean coast.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 20, 2018 - 11:46:44 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 7, 2019 - 4:09:50 PM

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Marie-Hélène Moncel, Agnès Lamotte, David Hérisson, Vincent Lhomme, Marc Jarry, et al.. Des premières traces à la fin de l'Acheuléen dans la Préhistoire de la France. François Djindjan (dir). La Préhistoire de la France, Chapitre 6, ⟨Hermann⟩, pp.253-295, 2018, Histoire et Archéologie, 9782705695934. ⟨hal-01819316⟩

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