L’exploitation des ressources végétales durant le Chasséen : un bilan des données carpologiques en France entre 4400 et 3500 avant notre ère

Abstract : The use of vegetal resources during the “Chasséen”: an overview of archaeobotanical data in France between 4400 and 3500 Cal BC Twenty-five years after the Nemours meeting and the first synthesis proposed by Ph. Marinval, this manuscript presents an up-to-date overview of the archaeobotanical data available for the Chasséen, and more broadly the Middle Neolithic. As far as we know, more than seventy sites have benefited from the study of archaeobotanical remains; around fifty of these yielded exploitable but dissimilar data, which allow us to propose a synthesis concerning the exploitation of plant resources during this period. The occupations taken into account cover the period 4400 - 3500 Cal BC and are mainly located in southern France. The compiling of these data allows us to record a list of food species, both cultivated and wild, and to outline the evolution of their use through time. The period around 4000 Cal BC is identified as a rupture, materialized by the passage from predominant free-threshing to hulled wheats. This overview also underlines the geographic specificities of the Chasséen: data from the southern Chasséen (much more significant) are first compared with those from more northern areas; they are subsequently compared with information from less distant sites belonging to other contemporaneous cultures (central and northern Europe, Northern Italy, Atlantic coast).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 2:34:49 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01490520, version 1

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Lucie Martin, Laurent Bouby, Philippe Marinval, Marie-France Dietsch-Sellami, Oriane Rousselet, et al.. L’exploitation des ressources végétales durant le Chasséen : un bilan des données carpologiques en France entre 4400 et 3500 avant notre ère. T. Perrin; P. Chambon; J. Gibaja; G. Goude. Le Chasséen, des Chasséens… Retour sur une culture nationale et ses parallèles, Sepulcres de fossa, Cortaillod, Lagozza. Actes du colloque international tenu à Paris (France) du 18 au 20 novembre 2014, Archive d'Ecologie Préhistorique, 2016, 978-2-35842-020-4. ⟨hal-01490520⟩

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