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Le Néolithique final dans la vallée de la Deûle : Le site d'Houplin-Ancoisne, le Marais de Santes

Abstract : The discovery of a vast architectural group including a palisade and buildings dated to early 3rd millennium BC on the edge of the Deûle Valley at Houplin-Ancoisne le Marais de Santes constituted a starting point for the identification of regional dwelling structures dated to the Final Neolithic. The excavation of a surface greater than one hectare, situated in a valley bottom, revealed (among other things) a discard zone preserved in a paleo-channel of the Deûle, which was filled-in during the Holocene. The organic remains trapped in the meander created the unexpected conditions and favorable environment for collecting samples in a reliably determined chronostratigraphic position, for paleoenvironmental analyses. The environment thus perceived in the vegetal assemblages around Marais de Santes evolved from a marshy landscape bordered by a thick and dense riparian forest to an oak grove enriched with ash, developing both on cool, humid soils and on better drained ones. This forest offered a true continuity between these different landscapes. Faced with a growing quantity of naturalist and cultural information, a multidisciplinary approach was the only one capable of measuring the amplitude of interactions between the natural environment and the society. The exceptional nature of this site, illustrated by the monumentality of the main building, justified a complete publication of the artefacts and their analysis, thus enabling a renewal of our knowledge of the Deûle-Escaut cultural group.
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Contributor : Laurent Deschodt Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 12, 2019 - 10:55:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:10 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-01489255, version 1


Ivan Praud, Vincent Bernard, Ève Boitard-Bidaut, Muriel Boulen, Séverine Braguier, et al.. Le Néolithique final dans la vallée de la Deûle : Le site d'Houplin-Ancoisne, le Marais de Santes. Inrap. CNRS Éditions, 344 p., 2015, Recherches archéologiques 9, 978-2-271-07975-6. ⟨hal-01489255⟩



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