Habitats et structures funéraires néolithiques sur le tracé du cadereau d'Alès à Nîmes (Gard) : premiers résultats

Abstract : The excavation on the « cadereau d'Alès » in Nîmes (Gard) took place in a preventive context at the beginning of 2001. The operation, covering an area of more than two hectares, resulted in the discovery of numerous domestic structures and twenty graves. Only one pit can be placed in the early phase of the Neolithic. The early Chassean is represented by three groups of pits, amongst which three remarkable structures are to be found: a pit containing an important assembly of pottery as well as a dozen weights; another sheltering the remains of two dogs and a grave associated with a large amount of cattle remains. The late phase of the Chassean Culture is represented by ten domestic pits and a double burial. The fi rst late Neolithic occupation comprises seven pits and covers an area of 1200m 2. The extent of the second settlement, attributed to the Ferrières Culture, remains unknown. A remarquable funerary complex, bringing together in one place several individual burials, belongs to this settlement. It takes the form of a huge excavation of some 90m 2 , into the bottom of which are four pits, each being an individual tomb. In one of them, the body was accompanied by the remains of a dog. Once the whole of the excavation had been refi lled with earth, two tombs, each capable of receiving several bodies, were erected on what appears to be an entry zone.
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Anne Hasler, Christelle Noret. Habitats et structures funéraires néolithiques sur le tracé du cadereau d'Alès à Nîmes (Gard) : premiers résultats. Paysages et peuplements. Aspects culturels et chronologiques en France méridionale. Actualité de la recherche., Rencontres Méridionales de Préhistoire Récente, Oct 2004, Périgueux, France. ⟨hal-01472202⟩

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